Are you Anglicans or Roman Catholics?
The Holy Catholic Church Anglican Rite and the true nature of the Church
ARE YOU ANGLICANS?
We have no connection with any Churches of the Anglican Communion (except through common heritage).
THEN WHY DO YOU CALL YOURSELVES 'ANGLICAN'?
Because we use the Book of Common Prayer. The particular version we use for the Mass (or Holy Eucharist) is either the Anglican Missal or the 1928 Book of Common Prayer. We use this because it teaches us clearly both the Real Presence and the Eucharistic Sacrifice in the sense that the holy Fathers of the early Church understood them.
ARE YOU ROMAN CATHOLICS?
We have no connection with the Roman Catholic Church.
SO WHY DO YOU CALL YOURSELVES 'CATHOLIC'?
Because we do not agree that the Roman Catholic Church has a monopoly on the word Catholic. When we say in the Creed "and I believe One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church" we believe that we are members of the Catholic Church just as much as Roman Catholics.
WE'VE GOT SO MANY CHURCHES NOW, WHY DO WE NEED ANOTHER ONE? CANNOT MEMBERS OF THE HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH ANGLICAN RITE SIMPLY BELONG TO ONE OF THE CHURCHES ALREADY IN EXISTENCE?
To answer that question we need to introduce a technical term: ecclesiology. The word ecclesiology means the way a Church defines itself. For example: Roman Catholic ecclesiology claims that the Pope is 'Vicar of Christ' in a unique sense and that the Pope has universal jurisdiction over all Christians. In other words, that the Pope is a bishop placed over the Church rather than a bishop within the Church. The Anglican Rite Catholics do not accept the claims which Roman Catholics make for the Pope. They are innovations and do not accord with the Holy Tradition of the Undivided Catholic Church; that is to say, the one Catholic Church as it existed before the split between Rome and Orthodoxy in the eleventh century. In fact, the papal claims were the primary cause of that split - the false Roman ecclesiology was the major cause of division.
POINT TAKEN! BUT WHAT'S WRONG WITH ANGLICAN ECCLESIOLOGY?
First, there's no such thing a single worldwide Anglican Church. The Anglican Communion is a loose federation of local churches, each empowered to do almost anything it wishes - so long as remain loyal to the way in which Anglicans operate. Both the Roman Catholic and Anglican Churches have this in common: their ecclesiology is based chiefly on maintaining the Church as an institution. The institution is seen as guaranteeing the validity of the Sacraments and the acceptability of Doctrine. The Roman Church is a centralized institution; Anglicanism is a federation of institutions.
SO WHAT IS THE ECCLESIOLOGY OF THE HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH ANGLICAN RITE?
The same as the ecclesiology of the Eastern Orthodox Church. The Anglican Rite Catholics see the Church as the extension of Christ's presence and ministry - through the gift of Holy Spirit whom Christ promised "I will send in my name". The Holy Spirit brings the risen Life of Christ to us through the seven Sacraments (especially the Mass), and through the faithful proclamation of the Gospel. Whereas other Churches believe that the Church is an institution possessing Sacraments, our church believes that the institution is created by the Sacraments and, especially, by Christ's sacramental presence in the Mass. This was well expressed by St. Ignatius of Antioch who in 107 AD wrote: "LET THAT BE A VALID EUCHARIST OVER WHICH THE BISHOP PRESIDES, OR THE ONE TO WHOM HE COMMITS IT. WHERE THE BISHOP APPEARS, THERE LET THE PEOPLE BE, JUST AS WHERESOEVER CHRIST JESUS IS (in the Holy Eucharist) THERE IS THE CATHOLIC CHURCH". (this is the first ever use made of the word 'Catholic' as applied to the true Church, and the Holy Catholic Church-Anglican Rite uses it in exactly the same way. Remember that St. Ignatius was born in Apostolic times; so he knew what was what.)
WHO CAN BE THE KIND OF BISHOP ST. IGNATIUS SPOKE ABOUT?
The bishop must be in the Apostolic Succession. This means that each bishop must have received the Sacrament of Holy Orders from other bishops in unbroken chain right back to the Apostles. He must uphold and proclaim the same doctrine as the Apostles. He must be in communion with other bishops who also uphold right belief. The Church is built upon Jesus Christ, present, through the Holy Spirit, in his people as they are united with their bishop in the Faith and Sacraments (especially the Mass) received from the Holy Apostles. This, the ecclesiolgy of the undivided Catholic Church, is known as Eucharistic Ecclesiology.
IS THE HCC-AR THE ONLY CHURCH THAT HAS A EUCHARISTIC ECCLESIOLOGY?
The Eastern Orthodox Church and the ancient Oriental Orthodox Churches have the same belief about what the Church is. The same pattern also lies underneath the Papalism of the Roman Church. The Holy Catholic Church Anglican Rite has a different tradition of liturgical worship from the Orthodox Churches but differences in expressing the Faith are secondary. The Catholic Church has always lived with wide cultural differences which do not matter so long as the Sacraments are the same and the same Apostolic Doctrine (known as the Holy Tradition) is taught.
WHERE DOES THE HCC-AR BELIEVE THE WORD OF GOD TO BE FOUND?
IT IS FOUND IN THE HOLY TRADITION OF THE UNDIVIDED CATHOLIC CHURCH - that is to say, that which the whole Catholic Church believed and practised before the eleventh century break between Rome and Orthodoxy. The Bible as 'God's Word' is the inspired and indispensible witness to the Holy Tradition, its earliest permanent record.
The Holy Tradition consists of: 1. The Holy Scriptures, 2. The teachings of the Fathers, such as St. Ignatius of Antioch, and especially those Fathers guided into all truth in the seven Ecumenical Councils of the Undivided Church, 3. The example and teaching of the great Saints from New Testament times to the present. Since all parts of the Holy Tradition come from the Holy Spirit in fulfilment of Christ's promise (see St. John 16:13), it follows that no part of Holy Tradition can contradict any other part of Holy Tradition. Christ is one, and therefore the Faith must also be one.